Acta Vet Scand. 2001;42(1):189-98. Antibacterial drugs prescribed for dogs and cats in Sweden and Norway 1990-1998. Odensvik K(1), Grave K, Greko C.
The usage of veterinary antibacterial drugs in dogs and cats in Sweden and Norway for the period 1990–1998 was investigated by use of drug wholesalers' statistics. Additionally, usage of human antibacterial drugs in these species in Sweden was investigated by use of prescription data for the period 1996–1998. On average, more than 50% of the prescribed veterinary antibacterials in Sweden were beta-lactam antibiotics. In Norway, about 75% of the preparations prescribed for dogs and cats contained sulfonamides and trimethoprim. Furthermore, the prescription data from Sweden showed a reduced usage of human antibacterials prescribed for dogs and cats since the beginning of the 1980s. Approximately 20% of the prescribed packages for dogs in the years 1996–1998 were human approved drugs. The corresponding figure for cats was 13%. The differences between the countries in the choice of antibacterial drugs can be explained by differences in the availability of approved preparations during the study period. The consumption of veterinary antibacterials in dogs and cats in Sweden during the period was in the range of 3% to 8% of the total use of veterinary antibacterials. The corresponding figures in Norway were in the range of 3% to 7%. It is of vital importance to study usage patterns of antibacterial drugs in dogs and cats in surveillance and control of bacterial resistance, but also in discussions of therapeutic appropriateness. Therefore, further research is needed in this area.
The major route of transmission of resistant bacteria or genes from animals to humans is thought to be via the food chain . Published drug statistics have therefore focused on antibacterial drug use in food producing animals because of the fear of food-borne transmission of antibacterial drug resistant organisms to humans and the resulting human health implications. However, because companion small animals, i.e. dogs and cats, live in close contact with their owners, the potential for transmission of resistant bacteria to humans and of resistance genes to human commensals and pathogenes should not be overlooked. Therefore, information about the consumption of antibacterial drugs in companion small animals should be included in assessing the risk of the spread of bacterial resistance.
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Antibacterial sprays can be quite helpful in managing bacterial skin infections in pets. These sprays should be used after the areas are thoroughly cleaned with an antibacterial soap or . The sprays will have several hours of residual antibacterial effect and can often be used up to 2-3 times daily. A few recommended products for this include (for dogs only) which contains a natural antimicrobial tea tree oil compound. Another excellent product for dogs is , which contains a combination of an antibiotic and an anti-inflammatory cortisone compound. Topical antibiotics for dogs are very similar to the same typeof medicines for humans. They are topical creams and ointments that contain a mild antibacterial agent. This ingredient is responsible for eliminating potentially harmful bacteria that could otherwise lead to infections and may stop minor sores and injuries from healing as they should. Topical antibiotics are important for a number of reasons. They are also very inexpensive, readily available and quite effective, makingthem a great item to include in any home veterinary medicine cabinet ifyou have a dog.