In dogs, acepromazine is frequently prescribed as an anti-anxiety and anti-nausea medication, but is it safe?
Another adjunct to therapy is pharmacological intervention. While many dogs improve with behavior therapy alone, the use of medication may facilitate a decrease in symptoms while behavior therapy is being implemented. The only drug approved for use in separation anxiety in dogs is Clomicalm®, which is Clomipramine Hydrocholoride. All other drugs are not approved for use in dogs and therefore constitute "extra label" usage. Animals that might be put on these medications should have a physical examination and a minimum database of a Chem Screen, CBC and urinalysis. Owners should be informed of potential side effects; and release forms should be signed. Owners should plan to be available to monitor their pet for side effects the first day or two that medication is given. Results with drug therapy may not be seen for 14-30 days, the owner must be committed to continue usage. Tricyclic antidepressants as a class of drugs primarily affect serotonin, norepinephrine, acetylcholine and histamine. Because most tricyclics have cardiac side effects, electrocardiograms may be indicated in some animals. They are also contraindicated in hyperthyroidism, seizure disorders, in animals on thyroid medication or animals experiencing problems with urinary retention or urine flow. Common side effects with tricyclic antidepressants include urinary retention, constipation, tachycardia, dry mouth, hypotension and mydriasis 5. Some animals may experience initial sedation due to antihistaminic action in conjunction with effects on serotonin.
Dogs suffering from compulsive behaviors, separation anxiety, chronic pain and other conditions may benefit from medications that affect the level of serotonin in the body. Serotonin is a , a chemical that works in the brain, and is found in the nervous system. It regulates behavior, awareness of pain, appetite, movement, body temperature, and function of the heart and lungs.
Dog Separation Anxiety Symptoms, Causes, Medications - Pets WebMD
Anxiety Medications for Dogs & Cats- 1800PetMeds
Fluoxetine is an antidepressant in a group of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI's). Fluoxetine affects chemicals in the brain that cause depression, panic, anxiety, or obsession-compulsion. Fluoxetine is a prescription medication used in dogs and cats for the treatment of canine aggression and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Fluoxetine is available as 10mg tablets and 20mg capsules. The usual dose is dependant on the condition being treated and the animal's response to treatment. It may take up to 3 or 4 weeks before the medication becomes effective.It’s important to realize that there is a critical difference between dogs with truly abnormal behavior issues (inappropriate aggression or reactivity, separation anxiety, thunderstorm or noise phobias, etc.) and dogs who have training problems like jumping on people or not coming when called. Dogs with training issues don’t need medication – period. They need patience, consistency, and a good training plan to teach them what we want.Nicholas Dodman of Tufts University’s Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine is an expert in behavioral pharmacology who helped pioneer the technique of giving human behavioral medications to dogs.* Vets first began prescribing Prozac for dogs around 1990, he says, and it’s likely a more common practice today than it was even 10 years ago. In 2012 alone, an estimated 2.8 million dog owners gave their dogs calming or anxiety medicines, according to the .Similarly, a situational medication like Xanax or trazodone can be life-changing for a dog with severe separation anxiety or thunderstorm phobia. These meds can help to block the automatic panic response that your dog may have when you pick up your keys to leave the house, or the first distant rumble of thunder is heard. It’s still important to have a comprehensive treatment plan in place, since we want to teach the dog to associate good things (like yummy treats or playtime) with these situations – but the medication is what keeps him calm enough to be interested in treats or play.